What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition where
the level of blood glucose (sugar) is persistently raised above the normal range
because the body doesn't properly use or produce insulin.
When we eat,
our food is broken down and some of it is turned into glucose (sugar). When the
glucose level in the blood rises, the pancreas releases insulin. Insulin then
helps glucose to be transported to the muscles where it provides energy for our
body and the resulting blood glucose level falls. With diabetes there isn't enough
insulin or it doesn't work properly and so the amount of glucose transported from
the blood to the muscles is low. As a result the level of glucose in the blood
rises abnormally and the body doesn't have enough energy to function properly.
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